If enacted, the law would provide conditional protection against compelled testimony or production of documents related to information obtained or created by a covered person as part of engaging in journalism.
In order to obtain testimony or a document that would disclose the identity of a confidential source, a court must find that disclosing the identity of the source is necessary to:
- prevent (or identify the perpetrator of) an act of terrorism or other harm to national security;
- prevent imminent death or significant bodily harm; or,
- identify a person who has, in violation of certain federal laws, disclosed information concerning trade secrets, individually identifiable health information, or nonpublic personal information.
The bill defines a "covered person" as someone who regularly reports and writes on matters that concern local, national, or international events or other matters of public interest for dissemination to the public for a substantial portion of the person’s livelihood or for substantial financial gain.